In your society, do those near death lose their natural rights? Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics explained how an individual formed his or her moral character, by drawing upon his favorite analogy of health.
As Paul Garrick 5 maintains, Aristotle followed a theory of epigenesis according to which "the individual organism develops by structural elaboration of the unstructured zygote rather than by a simple enlarging of a performed entity".
There must be an honest dealing, fair play, good knowledge, wit and an experienced moral vision. Anytime an argument is made so categorically, it is either a mathematical proof or likely to be dogma : However, this does not mean that Aristotle would allow abortion on the basis of a free will.
Do we not think that such individuals will make good moral decisions?
No one will trust them; they endanger their relations with their spouses, their families, their friends. Am I free to exercise my rights to any extent I choose? And how many times has this process resulted in the birth of a cabbage? For Aristotle, accidents, like heat waves in winter, must be considered distinct from natural causes.
As for the notion of pneuma, he considers it as the heat that acts as the vital force and it is related to the active intellect to which Aristotle ascribes a divine element in a rather obscure way ba1.
We rely upon a just woman to do what is just, a generous man to do what is generous. We tend to admire those who can articulate and justify their reasons for their behavior and who act in accord with the moral principles they have accepted for themselves.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life. Secondly, by the state using its power to more equitably share the burdens imposed: On the other hand, we need not conclude from this that a potential person has a right to life by virtue of being potential. It is a completely arbitrary basis.
All these are tools which a government could employ to more equitably share the unequal burden of pregnancy and child rearing that women bear. The process in unidirectional and must end in the birth or death of a child. Rights which we have established as an inherent condition of human life, regardless of arbitrary distinctions based on age or viability.
Their feeling that they were "treading on thin moral ice" led women to be secretive about their abortions so they would not risk being morally challenged about their abortions. Although it was formerly ascribed to Aristotle, it is now thought by most scholars to have been written by one of his pupils, perhaps at his direction toward the end of his life.
This is true, but before you continue, let me state that the Courts have considered this question and determined that the lack of fetal viability during the earliest stages of pregnancy means that no right to life can be assumed.
Vander Waert, Paul A. How do we judge who possesses these qualities? Although the actual is produced from the potential, it is the actual that makes the production possible.
A reliable translation with introduction and notes is by P. Animals came above plantsand these in turn were above minerals. What kinds of reasons do they give for their abortions? Now, before we move to applying an ethics of character to abortion, let us establish some caveats about judging the character of others.
Abortions, in the eyes of this interpreter, does not fare well as a moral action, according to this analysis.An Application of an Ethics of Virtue to the Issue of Abortion Janet E.
Smith Reproduced with Permission Much ethical theory has recognized that the very importance of the attempt to live an ethical life lies in the fact that in acting the individual forms herself or himself either for the better or for the worse.
Aristotle And Plato S Views On Abortion Plato and Aristotle Plato and Aristotle were two philosophers who made an impact on philosophy as we know it as today Plato is thought of as the first political philosopher and Aristotle as the first metaphysical philosopher. Plato & Aristotle & Issue of Abortion Both Plato and Aristotle would likely be opposed to abortion, based on The Republic and Nicomachean Ethics, respectively.
There are ideas in Aristotle's ethical arguments which might allow more leeway for the act of abortion than is found in Plato, but in general the great weight of both philosophers. The others being Plato (his student), Aristotle (Plato’s student) and Friedrich Nietzsche.
 Yet no one doubted his bravery or devotion to Athens. Socrates fought in the Athenian phalanx in three land battles of the Peloponnesian War, at Potidaea, Amphipolis and Delium; where he was credited with exceptional service by the generals in.
Although his own political views were influenced by his teacher Plato, Aristotle is highly critical of the ideal constitution set forth in Plato's Republic on the grounds that it overvalues political unity Aristotle's Politics: Critical.
The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato's death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism.
Aristotle's views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship.Download