How to write a scientific article introduction

The results of the germination experiment Fig. In this review, we aim to convey the principles of writing the introduction section of a manuscript to residents and young investigators who have just begun to write a manuscript.

Top of Page Plagiarism use of others words, ideas, images, etc. Please carefully follow the instructions for citations and check that all references in your reference list are cited in the paper and that all citations in the paper appear correctly in the reference list.

Other specific comments on style are also included for each section of the paper. Consider the following two examples: Describe the site where your field study was conducted.

How to write an introduction section of a scientific article?

Writing should begin when the experimental system and the equipment are available. What critical question does your research address? Clinical Suggestion The purpose of this clinical commentary is to review types of integumentary wounds that may occur in sport, and their acute management.

Do not interpret the data here. Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Use figures and graphics to your advantage. Results, Discussion, and Conclusions In most journals the results section is separate from the discussion section.

Look at other papers that have been published in your field to get some idea of what is included in this section. Tables should be able to stand alone and be completely understandable at a quick glance. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality a conceptual model and tieing the observed result to that idea: Scarlet thought that the gene was present only in yeast, but it has since been identified in the platypus Indigo and Mauve, and wombat Magenta, et al.

Remember always that scientific terminology very often has precise meaning. Your audience other scientists usually are not interested in flowery prose, they want to know your findings. Top of Page First vs.

Some disciplines and their journals e. If you can summarize the information in one sentence, then a table or graph is not necessary. Use graphs and tables if appropriate, but also summarize your main findings in the text. Why is it interesting? Problems such as improper use of grammar, tense, and spelling are often a cause of rejection by reviewers.

Reasons reviewers reject and accept manuscripts: Avoid first person language and instead write using third person language. A competent introduction should include at least four key concepts: This is not necessarily wrong, but why bother discussing things that are not really that relevant?

The A of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. Rationale, process, and pitfalls. It is not appropriate to bring up additional results, not discussed in the results section, in the discussion.

PLoS Med 6 6: Occasionally, gates do not give even a glimpse of the city, and it can mislead the visitors about inner sections of the city. Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood.

Tips for Writing Better Science Papers: Introduction (4)

Writing an abstract is rather challenging as being brief, accurate and concise are requisite. This acronym stands for the sections contained within the article: The headings and structure for an abstract are usually provided in the instructions for authors.

Initially a brief paragraph should explain the overall procedures and study design.This page features a discussion of each of the following components of writing a scientific review article: Choosing a topic and finding articles; What questions to answer in your review; Be certain that it is clearly stated in the abstract, introduction.

The format and structure presented here is a general one; the various scientific journals, and oftentimes specific disciplines, utilize slightly different formats and/or writing styles. Mastery of the format presented here will enable you to adapt easily to most journal- or discipline-specific formats.


It may be helpful to follow the IMRaD format for writing scientific manuscripts. This acronym stands for the sections contained within the article: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Each of these areas of the. Have you ever struggled to write up your results into a publishable paper only to get it rejected?

Richard Threlfall, Managing Editor, Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, gives some insider tips on how to improve each section of your article and increase your chances of getting published. Introduction. Why a Scientific Format?

The Begin your Introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Do Bibliography sections are found in books and other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. 2. The purpose of the introduction is to stimulate the reader’s interest and to provide background information which is pertinent to the study.

The statement of the research question is the most important part of the introduction. The review of HOW TO WRITE A PAPER FOR A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL.

How to write a scientific article introduction
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