Mauryan administration

Administration, Economic Condition and Art Article shared by: According to the Hindu concept, the Supreme Sovereign of the State was Dharma or law and the king was merely its guardian. Terracotta was also used for making toys and these consist mainly of wheeled animals, a favourite being the elephant.

Consisting ofinfantry, 30, cavalry and 9, war elephants, it was the largest Mauryan administration army of that time. External Mauryan administration was carried on with foreign countries, particularly with the Hellenic Greek world and Burma to some extent.

Trade routes in the Mauryan period followed either the main highways or the navigable rivers. However, there were still some limitations upon the royal authority.

Mauryan Empire: Administration, Economic Condition and Art

He undertook a massive public works building campaign across the country. These officers were similar to the IAS officers of independent India.

Centralized Administration of Mauryan Empire

He was also accountable for the safety and security of his kingdom. It consists offouraddorsed lions which originally supported a dharma chakra. The Rumminder pillar inscription had capital of horse but it is now absent.

Maurya Empire

Cipher writing was used and the services of carrier pigeons were enlisted. Instead he always had to look for their support. The Gramika was the head of the village administration. Administration of Pataliputra Pataliputra served as the capital city of the Mauryan Empire.

The city prospered under the Mauryas and a Greek ambassador, Megasthenesresided there and left a detailed account of its splendour, referring to it as "Palibothra": Registration of birth and deaths 4.

It would seem that cultivators formed a majority of the population and taxes on agriculture were the main source of revenue. The Adhyakshas were in charge of various departments. Ashoka and his grandson Dasaratha built several such cave-dwellings built in the Barabar Hills near Bodh Gaya and donated them to the monks of the Ajivikas sect.

Sulkadhyaksha was the Collector of Customs or Tolls. The Rummindei inscription is the only Ashokan inscription which makes a precise reference to taxation.

The whole empire divided into provinces. The Mauryan Art Pillars and Sculptures: There were also the villages that supplied free services and dairy produce in lieu of taxes. The secret service may be described as the mainstay of the government, next to the army.

Kautilya deals with organized money lending in the Arthasastra. Petty cases were determined by the gram panchayats; punishments inflicted were stern. The fifth committee supervised the public sale of manufactured articles.

The speedy and successful creation of a hierarchy of officials and their organisation into a well-knit bureaucracy was a great achievement of the Mauryan administration. In the national government, the Emperor was also assisted by a Council of Ministers called Mantriparishad.

Strabo mentions that craftsmen except royal craftsmenherdsmen and husbands men all paid taxes. The Department of Commerce and Industry had controlled the retail and wholesale prices of goods and tried to ensure their steady supply through its officers called Adyakshas.

But, still there were several limits upon the royal authority. The king appointed Sachivas minister or Amatyas. The best examples of indigenous art are two free standing stone figures — a Yaksha image from Parkham and a Yakshi sculpture from Besnagar.

Every board further possessed five members. Further Reading Mauryan Administration The ascendancy of the Mauryas had resulted in the triumph of monarchy in India. Another important heritage of the Mauryas are the caves, cut out of hard and refractory rocks which were meant to be residences for monks viharas and also served the purpose of churches and assembly halls chaityas.

At Lauriya-Nandangarh the crowing figure is a single lion while the abacus is adorned by a row of Bhramagiri geese or hamsas pecking their food.

The fourth committee was in charge of matters of trade and commerce. This is so far the power and position of the king is concerned. The central province Magadha, with its capital at Pataliputra was also the headquarters of the entire kingdom.Pataliputra reached the pinnacle of prosperity when it was the capital of the great Mauryan Emperors, Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka.

The city prospered under the Mauryas and a Greek ambassador, Megasthenes, resided there and left a detailed account of its splendour, referring to it as "Palibothra". Sep 12,  · This Lecture is about the description on Mauryan Administration.

Jun 28,  · Mauryan Administration Central Government Revenue Department Commerce & Industry Provincial & Local administration Art & Architecture • Ashoka is often credited with the beginning of stone. MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION.

EXPLAIN THE NATURE OF THE MAURYAN STATE. Indian history entered a new era with the beginning of the Mauryan Empire in around B.C. as for the first time, India attained political unity and administrative uniformity.4/4(5). Mauryan Administration. The ascendancy of the Mauryas had resulted in the triumph of monarchy in India.

Other systems like republics and oligarchies that were prevalent in the pre-Mauryan India had collapsed. In the Mauryan Empire there was an efficient and well organized hierarchy of bureaucrats belonging to central executive, judicial and revenue officers for efficient central administration of Mauryan government.

Mauryan administration
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