This seems firstly related to the fact that there always seems to be an element of disguise--the god or special guest is often disguised as a beggar or other undesirable, or is simply not recognized. This pleases Demeter, and she accepts their invitation to return home with them.
In the role of the host, the suitors failed to provide proper xenia by insulting their guest, Odysseus, by injuring him instead of protecting him from harm, and by not being as hospitable as possible.
The ways in which Odysseus must deal with Kirk is by threatening her with his sword. This image also shows how the rules of hospitality apply even when holding someone captive. If either the host or the guest was to break a Xenia rule, there would be severe penalties dealt by Zeus and also by society.
He wondered if the people of the island would show courtesy xeniaor if they were savages that had no regard for Zeus Xenios. None of them are able to pass the test of stringing the bow of Odysseus except Odysseus himself. When entering the cave of PolyphemusOdysseus relies on the expectation of hospitality and helps himself to food and shelter.
There is no need to for someone to ask for these. In the case of the suitors, however, there was a larger assumption made on their part. These stories told with the intent of delivering a message that was important to their culture as an aspect of their religious experience, as well as to keep the society moving smothly.
This supports the notion that things are not always what they seem; gods take on human forms for the purpose of testing the humans. If the god is not treated with the respect due anyone, much less a divinity, there is the potential for punishment.
All hosts are obligated to provide their guests with the best food, accommodation and comfort they can. It was also customary for gifts to be given to the guest, or for a gift exchange to be conducted between guest-friends Wilson Because of this, many more nights were spent away from home in many different locations.
By making these cultural constructs an important part of many of the aspects of the life of their culture, humans can learn better about themselves, their gods and the universe.
There are many possible reasons why hospitality was more prevalent in those times.
The Odyssey, as well as being an entertaining story, reinforced the ideals of civility among the Greeks who heard it. The Value of Hospitality. The final example showed how a healthy guest-host relationship resulted in an advantageous situation for both parties involved.
Therefore we are led to believe that there is some other reasoning behind all of this generosity. The xenia gifts characters give are also a statement of wealth, as well as a way of acquiring wealth, for example, when Telemachus acquires a silver krater, a wedding dress, a golden cup and other elaborate gifts from his stay in Sparta.
All travellers were seen as sent by Zeus and under his protection Homerso giving proper xenia was also a way of showing reverence for the gods, especially Zeus in the form of Zeus Xenios.
He starts to wonder if they are actually kind or if they are only trying to please the gods with their hospitality. What mortals must I meet in this new land that I now touch? And so her wish comes about. It also shows how the Greeks would show hospitality towards any stranger. This adventure is the encounter with the Cyclops, Polyphemus.
Because of this, travellers had to rely on the hospitality of others for shelter, food, and protection. Without Xenia, much of the plot would be invalidated; Xenia customs explain many events in the Odyssey.Xenia – The Odyssey The concept of guest hospitality is extremely important in ancient Greece.
Hospitality, or Xenia, is so essential in Greek society that Zeus, in addition to being the king of the Gods, is also the God of travelers. One of the most important themes in The Odyssey is the concept of xenia, which is the old Greek word for hospitality.
In modern times, hospitality is something we rarely think of, and the first thing that comes to mind is the hotel industry, but in ancient Greece, xenia was not about hotels, or just about etiquette, it was a way of life with many benefits in.
It is interesting to note the common folk-tale motifs of hospitality and trust, that can be seen across many cultures playing such an important part of the Greek mythological tradition. In every religion, in every culture there is the wandering god or goddess, or fairy queen or witch, who is dependent on the hospitality of the ordinary human mortal.
Hospitality in Homer’s time was well shown through long travels such as Odysseus' in The Odyssey as well as the guest-friend relationship, known as xenia. There are many possible reasons why hospitality was more prevalent in those times. Why is Xenia such an important theme in the Odyssey?
Explain your views and support them with details from the poem.
(45 marks) The concept of guest hospitality was extremely important in ancient Greece. Evidence that Xenia was integral to Greek society can be found in the fact that Zeus, the king of the Gods, was also portrayed as the.
presenting good xenia to guests. xenia is commonly used to portray hospitality or a guest/host relationship. xenia, is important in Ancient Greek society.
Zeus is the God of travelers, in addition to being the king of the Gods.Download